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Hi there, welcome to my blog - La Revolution Deux. It's an odd name - but I like it! Here you will find all the info on my various DIY Guitar effects builds, amplifiers and guitars. Everything from a humble Ibanez tubescreamer to the holiest KLON Overdrive.

You may also find a few effects builds that I am looking to move on - usually in exchange for other effects/gear/cash. You can always check my ebay account to see what I've got up for grabs.

Have fun, enjoy the blog - Fred Briggs :-)


Feel free to get in contact with me about anything you see on this blog or with any general questions about guitars, amplifiers and effects, I'll be happy to answer! Just click the button above to email me directly or alternately my email address is fredbriggs2007 [at] googlemail [dot] com

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Wednesday, 20 June 2012

Voltage Scaling in Amplifiers - Power Scaling / VVR

Dana Hall's VVR3 PCB kit.
Power Scaling (a London Power trademark) and VVR, which stands for Variable Voltage Regulator, (Dana Hall of Hall Amplification's version of Power Scaling) are currently two of the hottest topic's in the Guitar Amp world. Both are methods which allow you to scale back the voltages within your amplifier to attenuate the overall volume without having to use a cumbersome purpose built attenuator between the amplifier's output transformer and speaker or rely on a simple "Master Volume" control which dials out the all important power tube clipping.

Voltage scaling is said to allow you to maintain "that" tone you get from running a tube amp flat out with all the volume controls turned up to the max but also allow you to maintain your relationships with neighbours/children and/or spouses without having to resort to playing your guitar in an underground bunker.

Best of all this technology is compatible with 99% of amps below 50W!

Firstly; SAFETY! If you're not confident working with the voltages associated with tube amplifiers don't even bother with this, you WILL end up toast.

Secondly; what is "Power Scaling" e.t.c, why use it and how does it work? Well, take these explanations from the London Power website;

"[Power Scaling's] goal is to achieve the same tone as our loud sound but at a much lower volume."


"Power Scaling, when implemented correctly, will reduce amplifier loudness by reducing the power generated. This has the added benefit of extending tube life while retaining "cranked" amp tone at any loudness level. Power Scaling can be applied to any tube amplifier, regardless of bias method or push-pull versus single-ended."
You may just wonder why not use an attenuator? Well, London Power has this to say regarding attenuators (and remember there *may* be a slight bias in their explanations!);

"Not at all! "Speaker load boxes", "speaker emulators," and "speaker attenuators" are all forms of attenuation that are interposed between the output of a power amp and the speaker. They work for some people but are notorious for sounding "buzzy" at high attenuations.
A speaker attenuator forces your amp to be run flat out, producing its full power all the time. The power that is not needed is thrown away as heat, with the required power going to the speaker. It is quieter than full-tilt, but now the speaker is isolated from the amp and cannot interact with it, so some tone is lost."

What about a standard Master Volume control?;

" If you only play clean or you only use preamp overdrive or distortion tones, then a 'master volume' will satisfy you. 

Power Scaling is the best solution for those players who incorporate some amount of output stage "effect" in their sound. This effect can be some clipping, heavy clipping, or just that cusp of compression you get in a tube power amp approaching clipping. Power Scaling allows you to live at that cusp or beyond, but at ANY loudness you need."

So how does it work? Here's some info from Dana Hall;

"It makes the B+ on your amp variable like using an external variac only unlike the variac it doesn't affect your heater voltage. As you turn down the voltage on your tubes you drop the power but keep a lot of the characteristic distortion and sustain only at a lower volume.

It reduces the output of the preamp IF you regulate the whole amp VS just the power tube(S). Since the power tubes are also operating at reduced voltage, they are actually easier to saturate. If you regulate just the power section and keep the voltages normal on your preamp tubes then you will need a MV to keep the preamp from over driving your power tubes. If you regulate the whole amp the preamps voltage is also reduced and the gain structure between the preamp and power amp is maintained."

So, to sum up VVR, Power or Voltage Scaling, whatever you want to call it, is just one way of getting those great amp tones at lower volumes. Using some simple circuitry to regulate, and lower upon demand, your amp's power supply it enables your amp to go full bore but at acceptable volumes.

Here's a demo of a Dr Z Route 66 with Hall Amplification's VVR3 installed;

And another VVR equipped amp;

Now, for a huge amount of information regarding VVR check out this pdf document written by Dana Hall. It includes *almost* everything you would need to know about voltage scaling amplifiers including how you select the right VVR circuit for your amp (be it cathode or fixed biased), what parts of your amp you should scale (preamp, phase inverter, power amp) and how to install VVR in your amp;

Now here's what a Valve Junior circuit looks like with a VVR circuit installed to regulate the whole amp;

Here's a schematic of the VVR schematic and PCB layout for cathode biased amps (for more info on amp bias types check out the VVR pdf above);

And here's a (fairly crazy) video explaining how to install a VVR unit in a cathode biased amp;

So if you fancy a try at VVR here you go, build up the circuit and install it in your amp! I'll draw up some schematics for the Fixed Biased voltage scaling unit in time and present them here.


  1. do it up fred, the audience is listening!!

  2. Please do fixed bias version soon. I emailed Hall and got zero response. Need it for my Fender Pro Junior.


  3. Hello, I'm wondering if you've made any progress on the fixed bias version?

  4. Right Freds "dead" Wot happened to the Fixed bias schematic and board layout ......mon ami

  5. Hey Guys, I myself have successfully installed a London Power Power Scaling circuit in my Marshall 2204 JCM800 head and I have to say it is the greatest ancillary circuit you could install into a valve amp. I have my master on 10 and my preamp on 5. The power amp distortion IS the sound I was chasing. The beauty of the circuit is that there is a pot for the PS level and a pot for the PI(phase inverter) level, so you can dial in all PS or none and anything in between. You can remove it and put the head back to stock standard in about 30 mins. The only thing with the power scaling circuit in a Marshall head is that because Marshall tap off the bias voltage from the high tension you also have to install another bias supply from London Power which gives you a much "stiffer" bias voltage than that which the stock supply can deliver. The extra bias circuit is simply run from your heater supply through a step-up transformer and rectified to give you your bias supply. Fender, Peavey and other brands of amp that have a power transformer winding wholly for the bias voltage do not need the extra bias supply kit. I can't talk for the Dana Hall kit as I've had nothing to do with it. The London Power power scaling kit for my money is the gas!!! However, I will include that if you have a limited understanding of valve circuits, it's best left to someone who knows what they are doing. I myself had a very basic understanding and then I read books on valve topography and such for at least 8 months before I attempted the first installation. I installed the circuit too close to the preamp section at first (because there's plenty of room there) and of course the preamp picked up the external noise. I then relocated the circuit to the power amp end of the chassis and it was quiet again. (As quiet as a valve amp can be anyhoo.) I think that every valve amp over 15watts should have this circuit installed because finally, I can hear what my amp SHOULD sound like. Power amp distortion IS the go!!! BTW, I am in Australia and there's no recognised installers in Oz. There are for other parts of the world. Viva la quiet revolution.

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  8. You can get a similar product at Trinity Amps called VRM - The VRM (Voltage Regulation Module) is designed to control the power level of your Cathode Biased amp while retaining the tone. The 1" sq. board should fit anywhere in your Trinity Amp with three simple connections. Replace the power switch in your amp using the "switched" control pot. Kit includes all parts, PCB, hardware, switched control pot and 2 DC blocking caps. $40 with an amp kit $45 without .

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